# 7. Reporting¶

Dynare provides a simple interface for creating $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ reports, comprised of $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ tables and PGFPLOTS/TikZ graphs. You can use the report as created through Dynare or pick out the pieces (tables and graphs) you want for inclusion in your own paper. Though Dynare provides a subset of options available through PGFPLOTS/TikZ, you can easily modify the graphs created by Dynare using the options available in the PGFPLOTS/TikZ manual. You can either do this manually or by passing the options to miscTikzAxisOptions or graphMiscTikzAddPlotOptions.

Reports are created and modified by calling methods on class objects. The objects are hierarchical, with the following order (from highest to lowest): Report, Page, Section, Graph/Table/Vspace, Series. For simplicity of syntax, we abstract away from these classes, allowing you to operate directly on a Report object, while maintaining the names of these classes in the Report Class methods you will use.

The report is created sequentially, command by command, hence the order of the commands matters. When an object of a certain hierarchy is inserted, all methods will function on that object until an object of equal or greater hierarchy is added. Hence, once you add a Page to the report, every time you add a Section object, it will be added to this Page until another Page is added to the report (via addPage). This will become more clear with the example at the end of the section.

Options to the methods are passed differently than those to Dynare commands. They take the form of named options to Matlab functions where the arguments come in pairs (e.g. function_name(option_1_name', option_1_value', option_2_name', option_2_value', ...), where option_X_name is the name of the option while option_X_value is the value assigned to that option). The ordering of the option pairs matters only in the unusual case when an option is provided twice (probably erroneously). In this case, the last value passed is the one that is used.

Below, you will see a list of methods available for the Report class and a clarifying example.

Constructor: report()

Instantiates a Report object.

Options

compiler, FILENAME

The full path to the $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ compiler on your system. If this option is not provided, Dynare will try to find the appropriate program to compile $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ on your system. Default is system dependent:

• Windows: the result of findtexmf --file-type=exe pdflatex.
• macOS and Linux: the result of which pdflatex.
showDate, BOOLEAN

Display the date and time when the report was compiled. Default: true.

fileName, FILENAME

The file name to use when saving this report. Default: report.tex.

header, STRING

The valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code to be included in the report before \begin{document}. Default: empty.

margin, DOUBLE

The margin size. Default: 2.5.

marginUnit, cm' | in'

Units associated with the margin. Default: cm'.

orientation, landscape' | portrait'

Paper orientation: Default: portrait'.

paper, a4' | letter'

Paper size. Default: a4'.

showOutput, BOOLEAN

Print report creation progress to screen. Shows you the page number as it is created and as it is written. This is useful to see where a potential error occurs in report creation. Default: true.

title, STRING

Report Title. Default: none.

Method: addPage()

Adds a Page to the Report.

Options

footnote, STRING

A footnote to be included at the bottom of this page. Default: none.

latex, STRING

The valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code to be used for this page. Alows the user to create a page to be included in the report by passing $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code directly. If this option is passed, the page itself will be saved in the pageDirName directory in the form page_X.tex where X refers to the page number. Default: empty.

orientation, landscape' | portrait'
pageDirName, STRING

The name of the folder in which to store this page. Only used when the latex command is passed. Default: tmpRepDir.

paper, a4' | letter'

See paper.

title, STRING | CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS

With one entry (a STRING), the title of the page. With more than one entry (a CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS), the title and subtitle(s) of the page. Values passed must be valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code (e.g., % must be \%). Default: none.

titleFormat, STRING | CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS

A string representing the valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ markup to use on title. The number of cell array entries must be equal to that of the title option if you do not want to use the default value for the title (and subtitles). Default: \large\bfseries.

titleTruncate, INTEGER

Useful when automatically generating page titles that may become too long, titleTruncate can be used to truncate a title (and subsequent subtitles) when they pass the specified number of characters. Default: .off.

Method: addSection()

Adds a Section to a Page.

Options

cols, INTEGER

The number of columns in the section. Default: 1.

height, STRING

A string to be used with the \sectionheight $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ command. Default: '!'

Method: addGraph()

Adds a Graph to a Section.

Options

data, dseries

The dseries that provides the data for the graph. Default: none.

axisShape, box' | L'

The shape the axis should have. box' means that there is an axis line to the left, right, bottom, and top of the graphed line(s). ‘L’ means that there is an axis to the left and bottom of the graphed line(s). Default: box'.

graphDirName, STRING

The name of the folder in which to store this figure. Default: tmpRepDir.

graphName, STRING

The name to use when saving this figure. Default: something of the form graph_pg1_sec2_row1_col3.tex.

height, DOUBLE

The height of the graph, in inches. Default: 4.5.

showGrid, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to display the major grid on the graph. Default: true.

showLegend, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to display the legend.

Unless you use the graphLegendName option, the name displayed in the legend is the tex name associated with the dseries. You can modify this tex name by using tex_rename. Default: false.

legendAt, NUMERICAL_VECTOR

The coordinates for the legend location. If this option is passed, it overrides the legendLocation option. Must be of size 2. Default: empty.

showLegendBox, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to display a box around the legend. Default: false.

legendLocation, OPTION

Where to place the legend in the graph. Possible values for OPTION are:

south west' | south east' | north west' | north east' | outer north east'


Default: south east'.

legendOrientation, vertical' | horizontal'

Orientation of the legend. Default: horizontal'.

legendFontSize, OPTION

The font size for legend entries. Possible values for OPTION are:

tiny' | scriptsize' | footnotesize' | small' | normalsize' |
large' | Large' | LARGE' | huge' | Huge'


Default: tiny.

miscTikzAxisOptions, STRING

If you are comfortable with PGFPLOTS/TikZ, you can use this option to pass arguments directly to the PGFPLOTS/TikZ axis environment command. Specifically to be used for desired PGFPLOTS/TikZ options that have not been incorporated into Dynare Reporting. Default: empty.

miscTikzPictureOptions, STRING

If you are comfortable with PGFPLOTS/TikZ, you can use this option to pass arguments directly to the PGFPLOTS/TikZ tikzpicture environment command. (e.g., to scale the graph in the x and y dimensions, you can pass following to this option: ‘xscale=2.5, yscale=0.5’). Specifically to be used for desired PGFPLOTS/TikZ options that have not been incorporated into Dynare Reporting. Default: empty.

seriesToUse, CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS

The names of the series contained in the dseries provided to the data option. If empty, use all series provided to data option. Default: empty.

shade, dates

The date range showing the portion of the graph that should be shaded. Default: none.

shadeColor, STRING

The color to use in the shaded portion of the graph. All valid color strings defined for use by PGFPLOTS/TikZ are valid. A list of defined colors is:

'red', 'green', 'blue', 'cyan', 'magenta', 'yellow', 'black', 'gray',
'white','darkgray', 'lightgray', 'brown', 'lime', 'olive', 'orange',
'pink', 'purple', 'teal', 'violet'.


Furthermore, You can use combinations of these colors. For example, if you wanted a color that is 20% green and 80% purple, you could pass the string 'green!20!purple'. You can also use RGB colors, following the syntax: rgb,255:red,231;green,84;blue,121' which corresponds to the RGB color (231;84;121). More examples are available in the section 4.7.5 of the PGFPLOTS/TikZ manual, revision 1.10. Default: green'

shadeOpacity, DOUBLE

The opacity of the shaded area, must be in [0,100]. Default: 20.

tickFontSize, OPTION

The font size for x- and y-axis tick labels. Possible values for OPTION are:

tiny' | scriptsize' | footnotesize' | small' | normalsize' |
large' | Large' | LARGE' | huge' | Huge'


Default: normalsize.

title, STRING | CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS

Same as title, just for graphs.

titleFontSize, OPTION

The font size for title. Possible values for OPTION are:

tiny' | scriptsize' | footnotesize' | small' | normalsize' |
large' | Large' | LARGE' | huge' | Huge'


Default: normalsize.

titleFormat, STRING

The format to use for the graph title. Unlike titleFormat, due to a constraint of TikZ, this format applies to the title and subtitles. Default: TikZ default.

width, DOUBLE

The width of the graph, in inches. Default: 6.0.

writeCSV, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to write a CSV file with only the plotted data. The file will be saved in the directory specified by graphDirName with the same base name as specified by graphName with the ending .csv. Default: false.

xlabel, STRING

The x-axis label. Default: none.

ylabel, STRING

The y-axis label. Default: none.

xAxisTight, BOOLEAN

Use a tight x axis. If false, uses PGFPLOTS/TikZ enlarge x limits to choose appropriate axis size. Default: true.

xrange, dates

The boundary on the x-axis to display in the graph. Default: all.

xTicks, NUMERICAL_VECTOR

Used only in conjunction with xTickLabels, this option denotes the numerical position of the label along the x-axis. The positions begin at 1. Default: the indices associated with the first and last dates of the dseries and, if passed, the index associated with the first date of the shade option.

xTickLabels, CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS | ALL'

The labels to be mapped to the ticks provided by xTicks. Default: the first and last dates of the dseries and, if passed, the date first date of the shade option.

xTickLabelAnchor, STRING

Where to anchor the x tick label. Default: south'.

xTickLabelRotation, DOUBLE

The amount to rotate the x tick labels by. Default: 0.

yAxisTight, BOOLEAN

Use a tight y axis. If false, uses PGFPLOTS/TikZ enlarge y limits to choose appropriate axis size. Default: false.

yrange, NUMERICAL_VECTOR

The boundary on the y-axis to display in the graph, represented as a NUMERICAL_VECTOR of size 2, with the first entry less than the second entry. Default: all.

yTickLabelFixed, BOOLEAN

Round the y tick labels to a fixed number of decimal places, given by yTickLabelPrecision. Default: .true.

yTickLabelPrecision, INTEGER

The precision with which to report the yTickLabel. Default: 1.

yTickLabelScaled, BOOLEAN

Determines whether or not there is a common scaling factor for the y axis. Default: true.

yTickLabelZeroFill, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to fill missing precision spots with zeros. Default: true.

showZeroline, BOOLEAN

Display a solid black line at $$y = 0$$. Default: false.

zeroLineColor, STRING

The color to use for the zero line. Only used if showZeroLine is true. See the explanation in shadeColor for how to use colors with reports. Default: black'.

Method: addTable()

Adds a Table to a Section.

Options

data, dseries

See data.

highlightRows, CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS

A cell array containing the colors to use for row highlighting. See shadeColor for how to use colors with reports. Highlighting for a specific row can be overridden by using the tableRowColor option to addSeries. Default: empty.

showHlines, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to show horizontal lines separating the rows. Default: false.

precision, INTEGER

The number of decimal places to report in the table data. Default: 1.

range, dates

The date range of the data to be displayed. Default: all.

seriesToUse, CELL_ARRAY_STRINGS
tableDirName, STRING

The name of the folder in which to store this table. Default: tmpRepDir.

tableName, STRING

The name to use when saving this table. Default: something of the form table_pg1_sec2_row1_col3.tex.

title, STRING

Same as title, just for tables.

titleFormat, STRING

Same as titleFormat, just for tables. Default: \large.

vlineAfter, dates | CELL_ARRAY_DATES

Show a vertical line after the specified date (or dates if a cell array of dates is passed). Default: empty.

vlineAfterEndOfPeriod, BOOLEAN

Show a vertical line after the end of every period (i.e. after every year, after the fourth quarter, etc.). Default: false.

showVlines, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to show vertical lines separating the columns. Default: false.

writeCSV, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to write a CSV file containing the data displayed in the table. The file will be saved in the directory specified by tableDirName with the same base name as specified by tableName with the ending .csv. Default: false.

Method: addSeries()

Adds a Series to a Graph or a Table.

Options specific to graphs begin with graph' while options specific to tables begin with table'.

Options

data, dseries

See data.

graphBar, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to display this series as a bar graph as oppsed to the default of displaying it as a line graph. Default: false.

graphFanShadeColor, STRING

The shading color to use between a series and the previously-added series in a graph. Useful for making fan charts. Default: empty.

graphFanShadeOpacity, INTEGER

The opacity of the color passed in graphFanShadeColor. Default: 50.

graphBarColor, STRING

The outline color of each bar in the bar graph. Only active if graphBar is passed. Default: black'.

graphBarFillColor, STRING

The fill color of each bar in the bar graph. Only active if graphBar is passed. Default: black'.

graphBarWidth, DOUBLE

The width of each bar in the bar graph. Only active if graphBar is passed. Default: 2.

graphHline, DOUBLE

Use this option to draw a horizontal line at the given value. Default: empty.

graphLegendName, STRING

The name to display in the legend for this series, passed as valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ (e.g., GDP_{US}, $\alpha$, \color{red}GDP\color{black}). Will be displayed only if the data and showLegend options have been passed. Default: the tex name of the series.

graphLineColor, STRING

Color to use for the series in a graph. See the explanation in shadeColor for how to use colors with reports. Default: black'

graphLineStyle, OPTION

Line style for this series in a graph. Possible values for OPTION are:

none' | solid' | dotted' | densely dotted' | loosely dotted' | dashed' |
densely dashed' | loosely dashed' | dashdotted' | densely dashdotted' |
loosely dashdotted' | dashdotdotted' | densely dashdotdotted' |
loosely dashdotdotted'


Default: solid'.

graphLineWidth DOUBLE

Line width for this series in a graph. Default: 0.5.

graphMarker, OPTION

The Marker to use on this series in a graph. Possible values for OPTION are:

x' | +' | -' | |' | o' | asterisk' | star' | 10-pointed star' |
oplus' | oplus*' | otimes' | otimes*' | square' | square*' |
triangle' | triangle*' | diamond' | diamond*' | halfdiamond*' |
halfsquare*' |     halfsquare right*' | halfsquare left*' | Mercedes star' |
Mercedes star flipped' | halfcircle' | halfcircle*' | pentagon' |
pentagon star'


Default: none.

graphMarkerEdgeColor, STRING

The edge color of the graph marker. See the explanation in shadeColor for how to use colors with reports. Default: graphLineColor.

graphMarkerFaceColor, STRING

The face color of the graph marker. See the explanation in shadeColor for how to use colors with reports. Default: graphLineColor.

graphMarkerSize, DOUBLE

The size of the graph marker. Default: 1.

graphMiscTikzAddPlotOptions, STRING

If you are comfortable with PGFPLOTS/TikZ, you can use this option to pass arguments directly to the PGFPLOTS/TikZ addPlots command. (e.g., Instead of passing the marker options above, you can pass a string such as the following to this option: mark=halfcircle*,mark options={rotate=90,scale=3}'). Specifically to be used for desired PGFPLOTS/TikZ options that have not been incorporated into Dynare Reproting. Default: empty.

graphShowInLegend, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to show this series in the legend, given that the showLegend option was passed to addGraph. Default: true.

graphVline, dates

Use this option to draw a vertical line at a given date. Default: empty.

tableDataRhs, dseries

A series to be added to the right of the current series. Usefull for displaying aggregate data for a series. e.g if the series is quarterly tableDataRhs could point to the yearly averages of the quarterly series. This would cause quarterly data to be displayed followed by annual data. Default: empty.

tableRowColor, STRING

The color that you want the row to be. Predefined values include LightCyan and Gray. Default: white.

tableRowIndent, INTEGER

The number of times to indent the name of the series in the table. Used to create subgroups of series. Default: 0.

tableShowMarkers, BOOLEAN

In a Table, if true, surround each cell with brackets and color it according to tableNegColor and tablePosColor. No effect for graphs. Default: false.

tableAlignRight, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to align the series name to the right of the cell. Default: false.

tableMarkerLimit, DOUBLE

For values less than $$-1*\texttt{tableMarkerLimit}$$, mark the cell with the color denoted by tableNegColor. For those greater than tableMarkerLimit, mark the cell with the color denoted by tablePosColor. Default: 1e-4.

tableNaNSymb, STRING

Replace NaN values with the text in this option. Default: NaN.

tableNegColor, LATEX_COLOR

The color to use when marking Table data that is less than zero. Default: red'

tablePrecision, INTEGER

The number of decimal places to report in the table data. Default: the value set by precision.

tablePosColor, LATEX_COLOR

The color to use when marking Table data that is greater than zero. Default: blue'

tableSubSectionHeader, STRING

A header for a subsection of the table. No data will be associated with it. It is equivalent to adding an empty series with a name. Default: ''

zeroTol, DOUBLE

The zero tolerance. Anything smaller than zeroTol and larger than -zeroTol will be set to zero before being graphed or written to the table. Default: 1e-6.

Method: addParagraph()

Adds a Paragraph to a Section.

The Section can only be comprised of Paragraphs and must only have 1 column.

Options

balancedCols, BOOLEAN

Determines whether the text is spread out evenly across the columns when the Paragraph has more than one column. Default: true.

cols, INTEGER

The number of columns for the Paragraph. Default: 1.

heading, STRING

The heading for the Paragraph (like a section heading). The string must be valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code. Default: empty.

indent, BOOLEAN

Whether or not to indent the paragraph. Default: true.

text, STRING

The paragraph itself. The string must be valid $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ code. Default: empty.

Method: addVspace()

Adds a Vspace (vertical space) to a Section.

Options

hline, INTEGER

The number of horizontal lines to be inserted. Default: 0.

number, INTEGER

The number of new lines to be inserted. Default: 1.

Method: write()

Writes the $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ representation of this Report, saving it to the file specified by filename.

Method: compile()

Compiles the report written by write into a pdf file. If the report has not already been written (determined by the existence of the file specified by filename, write is called.

Options

compiler, FILENAME

Like compiler, except will not overwrite the value of compiler contained in the report object. Hence, passing the value here is useful for using different $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ compilers or just for passing the value at the last minute.

showOutput, BOOLEAN

Print the compiler output to the screen. Useful for debugging your code as the $$\text{\LaTeX}$$ compiler hangs if there is a problem. Default: the value of showOutput.

showReport, BOOLEAN

Open the compiled report (works on Windows and macOS on Matlab). Default: true.

Example

The following code creates a one page report. The first part of the page contains two graphs displayed across two columns and one row. The bottom of the page displays a centered table:

%% Create dseries
dsq = dseries(quarterly.csv');
dsa = dseries(annual.csv');
dsca = dseries(annual_control.csv');

%% Report
rep = report();

%% Page 1
rep = rep.addPage(title', {My Page Title', My Page Subtitle'}, ...
titleFormat', {\large\bfseries', \large'});

% Section 1
rep = rep.addSection(cols', 2);
rep = rep.addGraph(title', Graph (1,1)', showLegend', true, ...
xrange', dates(2007q1'):dates(2013q4'), ...
shade', dates(2012q2'):dates(2013q4'));
rep = rep.addSeries(data', dsq{SERIES1'}, graphLineColor', blue', ...
graphLineWidth', 1);
rep = rep.addSeries(data', dsq{SERIES2'}, graphLineColor', green', ...
graphLineStyle', '--', graphLineWidth', 1.5);
rep = rep.addGraph(title', Graph (1,2)', showLegend', true, ...
xrange', dates(2007q1'):dates(2013q4'), ...
shade', dates(2012q2'):dates(2013q4'));
rep = rep.addSeries(data', dsq{SERIES3'}, graphLineColor', blue', ...
graphLineWidth', 1);
rep = rep.addSeries(data', dsq{SERIES4'}, graphLineColor', green', ...
graphLineStyle', '--', graphLineWidth', 1.5);

% Section 2
rep = rep.addTable(title', Table 1', ...
range', dates(2012Y'):dates(2014Y'));
shortNames = {US', EU'};
longNames  = {United States', Euro Area'};
for i=1:length(shortNames)
rep = rep.addSeries(data', dsa{[GDP_' shortNames{i}]});
delta = dsa{[GDP_' shortNames{i}]}-dsca{[GDP_' shortNames{i}]};
delta = delta.tex_rename($\Delta$');
tableShowMarkers', true, ...
`